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Sanctions - Punishment against People or Regime

By: Alaaeldeen Mohamed Osman

This pamphlet is a collection of articles, reports and photos on the American sanctions upon the Sudan, published on different episodes on the a Sudanese English daily (The Citizen) writing and photography by Alaaeldeen Mohamed Osman the regular writer on the newspaper, supervised by Sulaiman Alamin the editor in chief of (The Citizen). They were put together in order to enable the people interest in the issue to have the whole material for comments and diversification.

 

The US sanctions

 

Introduction: -

Sudan depend for food on its natural resources, which areblessing of Allah The Almighty so it has vast fertile agricultural land, whichrenders it capable to produce for domestic consumption and for the purposes ofexports, for example the beans grown in the Northern State is considered one ofthe stable diets of the Sudanese people and the wheat, which is also cultivatedin the Northern States enters in making bread and local dishes like 'gurassa' which forms the staple food of a large sector of the Sudanese people and manyother Sudanese meals in addition to 'al-balah' or dates, which is the main cashcrop of the citizens in North Sudan, and sesame and ground nuts which are usedfor producing cooking oil.

Most of the projects producing many of those crops aremanaged in two ways; the first is the traditional civil way i.e. the people ofthe producing area and the second is by companies that operate in theagricultural field which used to be in the near past Sudanese companies untilthe entry of Saudi Arabian, Turkish and Emirati (from the United Arab Emirates (UAE)) and other Arab countries' investments. The yield to the state from theseprojects is only the collection of legal fees such as taxes, Zakat and servicesfees, which are reasonable sums of money compared to volume of production to goto the direct development such as education, health, roads and bridges, andotherwise development projects, therefore the decision of the United States ofAmerica (USA) to impose economic sanctions on the country does not affect thegovernment, but it directly hits the Sudanese citizens as the owners of suchmajor projects.

The Needs of Vital Projects

Those projects need production inputs like the machineriesfor plowing the farms land and prepare the soil for agriculture and plantationand the harvesters and soil machines besides they also need insecticides andpesticides to fight pests and insects and enhance the soil and so on and allthat we sometimes need to import for the development of those projects owned bythe citizens, whether an individual or company, to produce food to for thecitizens to eat and to export so the yield is used in the development of theabovementioned services. In addition to fetching foreign currency which thecitizen returns to import some production inputs complementary to the localproduction inputs, but the U.S. sanctions have been a major cause of increasingtheir prices for manifolds of what they used to be before the sanction becauseof the high rate of exchange of the U.S. dollar coupled with the shortage ofnecessary spare parts.

Projects Create Job Opportunities:

The Sudanese families work in those projects starting fromthe head of the family, the father, the mother, in a practice inherited fromgrandfathers and runs from generation to generation since a long time ago togenerate income to sustain their children to eat and drink, get medicaltreatment and education until they reach the verge of maturity to also work inthe same projects as inheritance and loyalty to those projects as their ownproperties that are providing livelihood so they work in them rather thanleaving them to others, although the vast majority of them has no other placeto go not to mention the nature of inheritance enjoyed by all the people ofSudan.

The Negative Impacts of those Sanctions:

The U.S. sanctions and penalties, also imposed by alliesand others for fear of U.S. backlash have a lot of negative effects not to theconcern of the Sudanese government alone, but more adversely the Sudanesecitizens who are directly hit by those sanctions with immediate and directimpact on, for example, their food and medicines to mention a few which are someof the most important things in our lives and without them people cannot live, but those sanctions however stand like a firewall repelling the citizens so ifthey can produce to meet the demands of the local market they cannot producefor export besides they need spare parts for the maintenance of their machineswhich if available they are unaffordable for the too high prices which compelthem to sell the produce for many times the price to fellow citizens too so thesanctions fall directly on the heads of the citizens.

The Editor: -

I think those U.S. sanctions and embargos on Sudanfell directly on the head of the citizen and constitute psychological and moralwarfare. The United States (U.S.) believes that those sanctions can putpressure on the Sudanese government to settle the pending files, if any so the U.S. mustreview those wrong decisions and lift those sanctions which represent aviolation of the human rights, which the United States of America (USA) ostensibly advocates.

US sanctions against Sudan paidfor by the citizens

In previous columns, I talked about the U.S. sanctions and economic embargos against Sudanand thenegative impacts on the country and the citizens of great Sudanese citizen as aresult of these sanctions and measures. In our speech we cited real evidencesthat followed the United States of Americaannouncement of the economic embargo against Sudan, which is a declared battle. What so many people do not know that the U.S. is waging subtle battles of direct negative impacts on the Sudanese citizens, to the forefront of it is the secession of South Sudan, and many likewise upshots. Here I am stuck with surprise since the UnitedStates of American advocates the human rights, but when you look carefully America to what the U.S. is doing and highlight itspolicies you will find it the number one country worldwide in human rightsviolation.

Sudanese Businessman, Essam El-Sheikh launched aninitiative to mend the Sudanese-U.S. relations in the presence of Mr. Jerry P. Lanier, the  American Charge D'Affaires in Sudan and the leaders of thecivil administrations and sheikhs of Sufi sects calling for putting an end tothe U.S. economic embargo against the Sudan and remove its name from the listof state sponsors of terrorism and settling the International Criminal Court (ICC) file.

 For his part, the U.S. Chargé D'Affairesacknowledged that there are no terrorists amid the sectors of the Sudanesesociety and cited the ongoing wars in Sudan and the killing and displacement ofthe civilians as the cause of the tension in the relations between the twocountries and called for the resumption of the national dialogue andnegotiations with the armed movements and the Sudan People’s LiberationMovement Northern Sector (SPLM-NS) in Addis Ababa. Here he acknowledged thatthere is no terrorism in but he conditioned ending the wars and the resumptionof dialogue, saying thence the U.S. sanctions and policies against Sudancan be lifted.

I think that the initiative made by brother EssamEl-Sheikh is distinguished and emanates from true patriotism and sharing commonconcerns with the state and the Sudanese citizens. It reflects the genuineSudanese traditions as whenever the beloved homeland calls its thoroughbredsons and daughters responded without hesitation, and if we search we will notfind such mores anywhere else, but only in the indigenous Sudanesesociety

Returning back to the subject of the article Ithink that the aforesaid initiative did not address the negative aftermathscaused by the U.S. sanctions and economic embargo, but it rather focused on thedemands to lift the sanctions, and otherwise, and I wished I was present torecount what I wrote in the previous articles as what I have in mind isunbearably atrocious. Those sanctions have displaced and torn apart manySudanese families and if probe their impacts we will see them clearly in theSudanese Street affecting the ordinary citizens and are crystal clear in anySudanese family in what we call “the actual violation of the human rights” thusthis should be communicated to U.S. Charge D'Affaires in Khartoum as a messageaddressed from the people of the Sudan to the United States of America besidesciting the government's negotiations with the rebel armed movements and withwhenever home club responded to his children, and without hesitation so Americashould know that it was playing the role of the scenarist in them and its nowplaying the role of programs producer with its continuous support to thosearmed movements residing in Ethiopia and elsewhere and is ignoring theindigenous western Sudan man to direct a soap series to play on its screen andhere I mean the International criminal Court, the International Criminal Court (ICC).

I think that what I called for in this spacebefore must be immediately initiated and prepared, which is the collection ofall the negative impacts, violations and the accompanying conditions in thecountry as a result of those U.S. sanctions and policies by forming a team fromthe media, the citizen and the state to show the Arab, African and Westernworlds these atrocities and strongly demand the lifting of those sanctions andembargoes imposed on Sudan and harvested by the ordinary Sudanese citizens.

All US sanctions violate human rights

In fact, the difficult economic problems Sudan is goingthrough are normal due to the United States (US) economic embargo that deprivedSudan to benefit like the others from the aid and funding of internationalfunds, and dealing with global industrial companies and advanced products inall fields leaving negative impacts on many Sudanese industries , besides thesesanctions also deprived Sudan from making use of technology in various fieldsin addition the US administration deliberate resolve to break the economicinfrastructures by not allowing a lot of companies to invest in Sudan and soforth as such sanctions have created a direct crisis in the life of theSudanese people for while it is targeting the state it is fully aware that itis fighting the ordinary Sudanese man and not the state. We can endlessly talkabout the negative effects of the US sanctions, but here we willhighlight three negative impacts of these sanctions.

(1)

The significant increase in the rate of divorce as simplestatistics show that most of the cases of divorce are due to the US sanctionsfor, as we all know, imposing economic sanctions on a certain state means aneconomic fight on that state, which creates a scarcity in money, which is themost important requirement of the citizens, so the family demands increaseleading to more marital problems and divorce or separation, which looks to melike the secession of the South, which was advocated and sought after by the USwhile it was fully aware that it is a true meaning of the human rights violations, so I hope the US will not advocate the human rights anymore.

(2)

The high unemployment rates, whereas simple statistics alsoshow that most of them are a direct result of these sanctions, which close thedoor of financial remittances from Sudan to the other countries abroad andhalting scholarships with negative impacts in education, for example, a lot ofSudanese students are studying at foreign universities in various disciplineson their own expense. How can they study can they pursue their study withoutmoney, so here stops the education process, which eventually leads tounemployment, thus I hope that America shall stop claiming that it advocatesand supports the education process and projects while it constitutes a keyobstacle on that road.

(3)

The big increase in the rates of death as a simplestatistic show it one of the result of the US sanctions, for the embargo blocksdrugs imports to Sudan not to mention our helplessness to provide the Sudanesepatients receiving treatment abroad with foreign currency as needed while weare besieged with declared them and undeclared economic embargoes so here alsothe process of the human rights violation aftermaths are clear and a clearmanifestation of a process of real genocide.

I think we are in the tribe of media men in general and thejournaliststribe in particular, we are significantly not up to the events inthis case, for we must work continuously until these sanctions are stopped, forexample, we have more than 30 political newspapers, so why do not we put a newsitem constantly on daily basis on the front pages urging for ending theseeconomic sanctions and embargoes imposed by the US and accomplices against theSudan. We also have a lot of satellite TV channels which I think are totallyoblivious of their vital role besides we can hold ongoing seminars andworkshops around this issue, which if we check we can find its ramificationsinside every Sudanese household, hence we must show the aftermaths of thesanctions and all the problems and negative ramifications made by the USsanctions. From here I call for making a list to be embroidered by the names ofthe media men, journalists and civil society, national and voluntaryorganizations for a joint action to enlighten the citizens and the internationalcommunity on all the human rights violations committed and are still beingcommitted by the United States of America (USA).

The second episode of a series of investigative reportson the US economic sanctionsand embargoes against Sudanin a language as simple as the Sudanese citizen and nature

Introduction: -

This is the second article in a series of investigativereports on the United States (US) economic sanctions against Sudan and theirnegative aftermaths on the Sudanese citizens before affecting the targetedSudanese state. In the first episode we talked about (food) in general, showingthat Sudan relies on agriculture and is blessed by The Almighty Allah (God) with natural resources and it cultivates vegetables, fruits, legumes andgranaries and likewise,,, and as we promised in the previous article that wehave a series of investigative reports summarized in (food , education, health, industry, transportation and others). Today’s article is on transportation onwhich Sudan depends a lot in the fields of aviation, railways and landtransport linking the capital and the states and the country to someneighboring states.

The Aviation: -

Sudan relies heavily on air traffic which is natural as allthe world countries do likewise so every country has its purely nationalairline not only the rich countries only, but the poor nations, as well, thusif we go back a little bit, we find that Sudan used to own one of the bestairlines in the world which is Sudan Airways (Sudan Air), which was untilrecently flying in the world skies with its beautiful look and attractivecolors and sweet-scented reputation when many people used to adjust theirwatches in synchronization of its perfect take offs and landing time, until theUnited States declared imposing  economic sanctions on Sudan, as a punishagainst the Sudanese government but it is 100% sure that it is not punishingthe government alone, but it is directly punishing the citizens in a flagrantviolation of the human rights, for those aircrafts are used by the people in anumber of areas such as: -

The human transport, not just for tourism, but to meetmultiple needs, whereas some use it to travel to get medical treatment abroad, or to study in universities, both graduate and postgraduate studies or toenroll in training courses or traveling to work abroad by the Sudaneseexpatriates or national and international investors coming to Sudan or thosevisiting their families abroad or inside the country and so forth as theexamples are so many. Here the picture completes to show how this decision bythe UShas become an obstacle and a clear violation of the human rights for denyingthe above- mentioned activities. Besides the other use is: -

The commercial transport and here we mean trade betweenSudan and the other world countries, whereas the US sanctions constitute a bigobstacle blocking the exchange of goods between countries and negativelyimpacts the human livelihoods for many depend on trade to make a living bypracticing the profession of trade so the transport fares spiraled manifoldbecause the United States restricted Sudan national, which is Sudan Airways (Sudan Air) and denied it spare parts in addition to prohibiting the financialremittances, which compels many people to resort to the black market to buydollars or other foreign currencies, and here the sanctions are also a mainreason behind the huge rise of prices of the different goods needed by thecitizen, who can no longer afford due to the US embargo, which a violation ofthe human right we talked about before.

The Trains: -

Trains also transport the citizens to and from the capitaland the states. Due to their relatively low cost, the trains are used by thecitizens to visit their families in the different states of Sudan and viceverse, besides the people have good memories and special taste of train travel, not to mention that the train is the safest way of travel especially as we havethe best railway experts, like drivers, engineers and otherwise skillful staff. The second use of trains is the transport of cargos and freight forwarding asthe train renders many good services to the national traders working in localmarkets and they take the endogenous products of some areas to the others andso forth. As for example, Atbara city is famous for henna; Kassala is famousfor fruits and the NorthernState for fruits anddates and other crops and so forth. Also the railway transport is viable incertain region due to the nature of their rugged roads. However, the USsanctions and embargoes impose a real hindrance for denying the railway thespare parts they terribly need forcing them to stop lately leaving a directnegative effect on the citizens which is also a violation of the human rightsfor workers are losing jobs and income generating activities on a daily basisrendering some unable to sustain their families.

Carriers Labor Force: -

Thousands of Sudanese nationals work for transportationcompanies whereas those Sudanese citizens have long experience in this area inwhich they spent most of their lives in the professions they pass to theirchildren ... and even brought them to the sanctions and boycotts that have madecompanies need them evaporate shoved suspended from work when they do not knownow what they are doing and they are counting themselves, their families andtheir children until the US sanctions came to diminish the needs of thosecompanies to labor force and drop many citizens who become helpless and cannotsustain their families or even themselves while other citizens lost or cannotuse their public means of transport or trucks leaving the field to state, whichis ironically the main beneficiary the sanctions that are supposedlytargeting  it because its means of transport are and those owned by itssupporters are surviving the sanctions and the scarcity of spare parts.

 

The Negative Effects on Transport: -

The idleness of national companies, and the failure toconveniently transport goods a matter that rose the prices of commodities, especially the consumer commodities which most of them are no longer affordableto the ordinary citizens, besides many traders and investors went to prison forfailure to generate income and inability to repay loans and satisfy obligations, in addition to the displacement of many families because their bread-finderscannot cater for them, plus the failure to visit parents and close relativesdue to the too high prices of airline tickets  and the inability ofpatients to receive lifesaving treatment abroad because they cannot afford thetoo high price of tickets or to obtain hard currencies for the too high ratesof exchange, and the inability to receive education or training abroad for theinability to financial remittances to enable them to pay for housing, tuitionfees and food and otherwise.

Editor's Note: -

I think that those USsanctions and embargoes on Sudanimmediately fall on the head of the citizens. The sanctions constitute apsychological and morale war. The United States (US) believes thosesanctions can put pressure on the Sudanese government to settle the pendingissues, if any. Therefore, the United States of America (USA) must review thoseerroneous decisions and lift the sanctions which represent a violation of thehuman rights, so we will write and publish nonstop until the sanctions arelifted.

Wait for us next Tuesday for the third episode on therepressive USsanctions

 

The third episode of the series of investigativebulletins on the devastating impacts of the US economic sanctions and embargosagainst Sudan and they constitute human rights violation.

 

Introduction: -

Education is one of the most important matters in our livesfor it is the only weapon with endless ammunition and keeps fighting with youup to the end with no retract or betrayal ,,, education may differ fromgeneration to generation for the inclusion of worldwide day by day newdiscoveries, specializations, innovations and inventions so the student pursuesongoing studies to develop himself and his career,,, besides the education hasdiffered from the past for the introduction of innovations and advancedtechnologies like the computer hardware and software, the iPad, iPod andmobile-phones etc. which eliminated many difficulties used to face the previousgenerations in addition to the services such as transportation, electricity, telephones…etc ,,,, But unfortunately the US economic sanctions and embargosagainst Sudan hampered the education in the country and formed the key obstacledenying lots of Sudanese citizens access to knowledge and education.

The Impacts of the US Economic sanctions and Embargoson Families: -

The Sudanese families have remained for ages pursuing theirsons and daughters education starting with the kindergarten and the primaryschool stage all through high school and universities until they reach thestage of postgraduate studies for the faith of these families that education isthe basis for building a sound, healthy and robust society, but the imposed USeconomic sanctions and embargos have been playing a major role in dissuadingthese  families from pursuing their children education due to the lack ofsufficient funds to pay tuitions of local education institutions, while thespiraling rate of exchange of foreign currencies and the inability to remitmoney to and from the country cut remittances to the Sudanese students studyingabroad and here comes the big problem that the head of the family feel helplessand incapable to pay for the education of his son, whilst the son feels desperateand bored which lead him to a different path and deviation to eventually becomea pervert or extremist and this is what we mean by the (human rightsviolations)

The Effects of the US Economic Sanctions and Embargoon the Students: -

A brilliant student is distinguished in education sincechildhood and specifies the way or path to lead and the specialization andcareer he aspire to have after graduation, but all these ambitions, plans andhopes are shattered when colliding with the economic situation of the familywhich does not allow him to pursue his ambitions and realize his dreams, so heis forced to quit and head to another path to find a living against his will ashe is obliged to bear the responsibility of his family  not to mentionthose who immediately take another path, which the path of theft and drugs. These are the hurdles facing male students because of the US sanctions, but asfor the female students, they are facing tougher problems and are compelled toresort to regrettable solutions, such as getting married to a colleague in theuniversity for those who fight and joined higher education institutions butothers are forced to work and may marry a colleague at work,,, but some howeverfind themselves in a boring idleness, sitting between four walls at home, whichis one of the ways to deviation,,, besides, suffering an inferiority complexfor not receiving education while she sees her primary school classmates whosefinancial conditions allowed them to pursue their education and the tougher feelingcomes if she is married and has children whom she cannot provide education tothem so they do not know anything about education, thus the US economicsanctions and embargos pose obstacles not to the present generation but even tothe future generations who are yet to come.

The Economic Effects of the US Sanctionsand Embargo on Teachers and Professors: -

The vast brain drain including the immigration of theSudanese teachers and university professors to work abroad is a direct resultof the tough economic conditions in Sudan which reflect on the citizen so theteacher and even the university who cannot support themselves, let alonesupporting his family, so he has no other option but immigration which hasnegative effects on him first and then on his family that he has left in Sudanin search of work abroad to send money but the family misses the paternalguidance and control especially the children who are left prone to bigdownsides such as dropping from school and deviation that faces the family aswell and may lead to family dismantling, especially when the expatriate who isworking abroad return to Sudan on a vacation and see the deviation that maylead to divorce for accusing the wife of not providing supervision to thechildren, failing to bring them up soundly and neglecting their education, buthe of course does not know that the US sanctions and embargos are the core andbasis for that deviation for compelling him to leave home and abandon thefamily atneed.

Editor's Note: -

These were some of the effects of the US economic sanctionsand embargos which we cited simply and clearly and not in a philosophical orsophisticated way or in order but as if we are chatting because they havebecome the subject of everyday chatting as the citizens are continuouslycomplaining of them, because the US sanctions have devastating effects on theordinary citizens and ironically have no effect whatsoever on the targetedgovernment, rulers or members of the ruling party. So the poor citizens do notknow such a real suffering is fact inflicted on him by the United States ofAmerica (USA), as simple statistic show: -

1/ 30% of pupils and students left education due toeconomic conditions

2/ 10% of pupils and students left education due to divorceand also because of the tough economic conditions

3/ 20% of pupils and students left education because ofenvironment at school which is also due to the economic conditions which forcedto improve did due to these conditions and likewise.

So it all the media men and pressmen in the various massmedia should stand together to enlighten the people of Sudan and the entireworld on those negative effects of the United States (US) economic sanctionsand embargo by US states, which we showed how they constitute a violation of thehuman rights in all facades and how they collectively punish the poor, theneedy and the ordinary citizens and not the rulers.

Wait for us next week for thefourth episode of the series of investigative bulletins on the oppressive USsanctions.

The United States and its violations of humanrights

In previous columns, we talked about the US sanctions and economic embargo Sudan and theirnegative impacts and we talked of the most important three points, such asdivorce, education and health and they expected duty of the Sudanese media ofvarious designations to reflect those damaging impacts and negative aspects. Today we would like to cite more damages and negative outcomes of thosesanctions and the United States (US) erroneous policies based on misinformation, misconceptions and injustice, besides we will show how fake is the garment theUnited States (US) is wearing and its hypocrisies and double standards whenadvocating the human rights and freedoms, which it uses to intervene in othercountries internal affairs under the pretext of ending civil wars, conflictsand promotion of the human rights, while it is fully aware that it is wearingthe garment of dictatorship, besides it is the biggest violator of the humanrights, inciter of seditions and igniting the fires of wars and conflicts as wesee in western Sudan and the scenario planned and executed by the United Stateswhich exerted all efforts to achieve which is the secession of Southern Sudanand now we see how the State of South Sudan is burning because of our inabilityand awareness of what the United States (US) is plotting and delivering to theworld in general and the Islamic and Arabic countries in particular. Today Iwould like to add two points.

   (1)

I think that the most important reason behind thepersistence of the present civil wars in the regions of Darfur, the Blue Nileand South Kordofan is the United States (US), which is fueling these conflictsfrom behind the curtains to defy the incessant negotiations, mediations andconcessions, for two reasons: The first, is the US economic sanctions andembargo which stopped the rural development which prompted our brothers insouth and west Sudan to resent and feel marginalized and think that theSudanese government and the people of north Sudan are practicingmarginalization and regional and ethnic discrimination and, frankly speaking, we find the excuse for the simple citizen of western Sudan because he does notrealize that the United States (US) is drawing that scenario to unfortunatelybe implemented by their leaders. The second reason, however, is the UScontinuous financial support to the tribal or regional leaders and armedmilitias’ commanders, who hold to that “aids” to stay in luxurious hotels inforeign countries and the travels and prestige to completely forget about theirclans and peoples and exert pressure by disseminating false and provocativeinformation to provoke those pure and beautiful tribes and clans in westernSudan tribes to incite sedition to show the wars and conflicts taking placeright now.

   (2)

The USsanctions, I believe have stirred the steady increase in the numbers ofunanimous children of unidentified parents whom we see in Dar Al-Maigoma (House) and otherwise. We, as Sudanese people are not accustomed to such actswe consider shameful, but due to the entry of the western customs copied andimitated by many young people which may contribute to this increase, but themost important reason is the material and the hardship of livelihood for thesesanctions created economic hardships to almost all the ordinary Sudanese peoplewhich every Sudanese layman is wearing like a necklace, which is unfortunatelyhas a remotely controlled chain strangle whenever the United States (US) wantsto flex the muscles it uses when practicing the human rights violation andinfringe the human sanctity.

Finally: The Sudanese citizen is fed up and pissed of theUS economic sanctions and embargos and the United (US) is fully aware ofthis,,, I wish I could make a tour along with the US Ambassador, the US ChargeD'affaires and the US President Special Envoy to Sudan to see for themselvesthe clear violation of the human rights by their country and devastatingimpacts of the US sanctions and embargos which led to the lack of education formany children and youths, the deteriorating medical treatment and health careservices and the spiraling prices of consumer commodities and here theviolation process is complete, thus I appeal to all the brothers the media menand pressmen in the various mass media of different titles and positions andthe civil society groups and the national and foreign non-governmentalorganizations (NGSs) and all the citizens of Sudan to stand together and callfor the lifting of these inhumane violations.

 

 

Today is the investigative reportage in the US economicsanctions and embargoes and their impact on the health, the medicaltreatment and how they violate the human rights of the Sudanese people.

 

Today we have reached the fifth and last bulletin of theseries of investigations in the unjust US economic sanctions and embargoes andtheir devastating impacts on the Sudanese citizens, whereas our utmost concernwhenever we sit down to prepare an investigative report has always been theordinary Sudanese citizens who have remained steadfast, all along the years ofsanctions and embargoes, despite their direct devastating toll on them by theunjust US sanctions, which negatively impacted and blatantly violated therights we mentioned in the investigative series which we started from (the foodand agriculture, aviation and transportation, the education and the industry - and today we conclude them with health and the medical treatment) as the healthand medical treatment are considered part of the most important necessities inthe human life and of course the Sudanese citizens, as well.

Introduction:

Sudan has been suffering from declared and indiscernibleeconomic sanctions, economic by the United States of America all along the pastyears, with negative and devastating impact on the man and represent aviolation of his human rights for the sanctions and embargoes have deepeneduntil reaching the health and the medical treatment, and here the citizen findsno explanation except for those heterodox policies crafted by the United Stateson the people of Sudan are to mount the pressure on the citizens and violatetheir rights, who know that the United States even if it is fighting theSudanese government but it punished the Sudanese people for no guilt so what isthe guilt committed by the citizens to be destined to fighting even in themedical treatment of the sick persons who so often die for the lack ofmedicines or the malfunctioning of equipment requiring spare parts denied bythe US and allies.

The Hospitals:-

Honestly, Sudanhas exerted great efforts in the development of therapeutic service through therehabilitation of public and private hospitals and health centers until everySudanese neighborhood has a hospital, dispensary or emergency and ambulanceunit and this is the real role of governments. Although the Sudanese governmentstrives to develop the therapeutic service in addition to the rehabilitation ofthe human cadres of doctors and supporting medical professions to do their dutytowards the citizens and in addition to the health insurance, which providesfree medical treatment to the needy who cannot afford the expenses of themedical service due to the harsh economic conditions they are living in anddespite the state support and subsidies to the urgent lifesaving medicationswhich are not available due to the sanctions, but despite this development, bigrevival in the field of health, The US economic sanctions and embargoes haveremained a weapon directed to fight that development by depriving Sudan of anyprivileges or concessions like the other countries through foreign andinternational organizations aid and the most heinous is the pressure exercisedby the United States of America on the medical companies not to extend any aidor sell to Sudan so many medicines, medical equipment and devices, especiallyfor micro-surgery devices, which led, as a result of such, to so many deathsand physical disabilities and so forth, therefore we called such the UnitedStates violation of the human rights.

On Duty Doctors:

Proficient Sudanese doctors work in the medical care, health care and therapeutic service, who are now obliged to immigrate to workabroad due to the lack of money, lack of medical equipment and devices thatmake him develop in their respective fields and vice verse that the Sudanesesenior doctors and consultants abroad felt the bite of immigration and decidedto return to the homeland, bringing with them medical devices, equipment andclinics appliances of their own to Sudan embodying the process of social fabricand consolidation which connect the people of Sudan who stand to the homelandand the citizens at need. Here, also the US economic sanctions and embargoesare a fundamental reason for immigration which led to the dismantling offamilies manifesting the human right violation which we are talking about.

Diseases Outbreaks and Wide-Spreading:

The previous years witnessed the outbreak andwide-spreading of many diseases, which claimed many innocent lives and while weare fully aware that ages are in God's hands, but we also acknowledge theroot-causes and believe that (everything has a reason i.e. to any action thereis an equal and opposite reaction), which is this case are the US unjustmisguided policies that have deprived Sudan of the right like others in benefitingby grants, aids and assistance in the field of medical care and the therapeuticservice in addition to depriving the country of a lot of life-savingmedications and the advanced devices and equipment to detect diseases and treatthem in early stages as advanced stages are in many cases detrimental and herewas also the United States of America is the direct cause of death anddisability of a lot of citizens and here the United States is also violatingthe human rights and has directly caused human deaths and disabilities and isresponsible for such.

The Victim and the Affected:-

Those affected by these unjust US sanctions and embargoesare the ordinary citizens especially the vulnerable segments who cannot affordto travel to receive treatment abroad or even in private hospitals inside thecountry so those policies have affected all the Sudanese citizens which is onecircle from where one infiltrates it causes his paralysis and even the doctorswho immigrated abroad have had negative effects such as leaving behind parents, spouses and children and here we see the damage of separation from families andmissing the chance to educate and directly look after one children and controlsthem especially at the verge of adolescent not to forget the immigration offemale doctors who have been deprived of marriage because of living abroaduntil it is too late and here also the United States has violated through thesepolicies the human rights and caused many calamities.

From The Editor:

The United States of America unfair and misguided economicsanctions and embargoes form a violation of the human rights, so it isinevitable for the United States to review those policies eliminate thecontradiction as how can the United States of America the so-called sponsor of thehuman rights carry out such actions.

Next week, we offer you a page with excerpts of all theinvestigative reports we published.

The United States a barefacedhuman rights violator

The weapon of sanctions has remained a Damoclessword hung by the arrogant superpowers on the necks of vulnerable countriesthat try to get out of the strap of dominance or attempt disobedience tocollide with the looming weapon of sanctions. The most notorious superpowerthat uses the weapon of sanctions to subduenations is the United States ofAmerica (USA), which does so barefaced in public, and even develops a law forimposing sanctions known as the law of punishing so and so state. The law isissued by the US Congress and signed by the US President and is applied by theUS institutions, corporations and companies, as tough punishment awaits anycompany that does not comply with the law including hefty fines.

Sudan is one of the most countries exposed to theUS sanctions, which have deprived it from benefiting from aids, funding by theinternational funds, dealing with global industrial companies and getting theadvanced products in all fields, which negatively impacted many Sudaneseindustries and the developmental projects and deprived it from benefiting bytechnologies in various fields, and weakening its economic structure bydivesting the country and prohibiting companies from investing in Sudan, and iteven mounted to the destruction of productive industrial facilities such as thedestruction of Al-Shifa pharmaceuticals factory, for example, which used tosignificantly contribute to the provision of the country needs of human andveterinary medicines and there are so many examples and in numerous fields

The economic sanctions and embargos imposed onSudan have remained a sword looming over the necks of the Sudanese citizens whoare directly affected by them so I have kept for sometime writing on thisimportant file and went deeper by publishing a series of investigativereportages through this newspaper hoping it will find an immediate response bythe United States and I have prepared a powerful flawless study on the step tofollow these investigations in case of no response, to spread the publicawareness programs and a huge masses rallying and mobilization to push for theremoval of these misguided policies, which have enervated the citizen andviolated his human rights. Some of the plans include TV and radio programs andpublic symposiums and many likewise, which we will launch, upon the permissionof Allah The Almighty (God), next month and in case of no response to lift the US sanctionsand embargos as we previously mentioned so the citizens shall live in peace.

I believe that the United States is unjust to theSudanese citizen and dragged him to poverty, leading to outcomes such as warsand conflicts arising in western Sudan in which thousands and thousands ofpeople were killed and internally displaced and such as the unemployment andthose who could not pursue their study because of the difficult economic conditionsand like who have died because of the lack of access on medications and thelack of necessary medical equipment for early detection of diseases and likethe couple compelled to divorce because of the economic conditions and thetraders who could not meet their obligations due to the lack of the dollar andits skyrocketing rate of exchange and the non-availability of industry andotherwise as some of them died of grievance and some are  in prison.

So from here we call and call onthe United States to lift these unfair sanctions and embargos to preserve thehuman rights, otherwise we will continue this important file without fear orhesitation so the circle will widen to accommodate the citizens to make a broadbase to work night and day using all approaches, ways and means at all costs nomatter what and….. God Is Great, God Is Great,, God Is Great and nothing elseis greater.

 

    

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